Sand wrote: My name is not Marie-Aurore de Saxe, Marquise of Dudevant, as several of my biographers have asserted but Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin and my husband, M. François Dudevant, claims no title the highest rank he ever reached was that of infantry second lieutenant. Always known simply as "Aurore" she was born in Paris but raised for much of her childhood by her grandmother Marie-Aurore de Saxe, Madame Dupin de Francueil at her grandmother's estate, Nohant in the French province of Berry (see House of George Sand). Sand later used the setting in many of her novels. It has been said[by whom? that her upbringing was quite liberal.