Biotechnology and International Law. Edited by Francesco Francioni and Tullio Scovazzi, Portland, OR: Hart Publishing, 2006. Pp. xxxvii, 448. $120.00 (hardback). Organisms adapted to extreme conditions and areas rich in biodiversity contain genetic material promising untold wealth to industries capable of studying and exploiting it. These organisms and habitats often exist outside of sovereign territory or within the territories of states incapable of researching their own biodiversity. Western states and industries often have the resources to conduct research in these areas. International treaties protect the property rights of companies obtaining patents, but questions arise about the equitable sharing of profits between the nations that provide the raw materials and the companies that turn genetic resources into profitable products. Biotechnology advances at an increasing rate, leading to questions about how human dignity should be safeguarded. The five parts of Biotechnology and International Law explore basic international legal principles surrounding genetic resources, the environment and biotechnology, international trade and genetic resources, human rights and genetic research, and area studies of legal regimes relating to biotechnology regulation.