Candidiasis, also referred to as “yeast infection” is a contamination restricted particularly to the mucous-like membrane or skin, triggered in human beings by candida, which is a type of fungi.
It is typically seen as round white, whitish-gray or cream colored large colonies when cultured in laboratory agar plates.
Well, the most common species known to man is candida albicans. However, the truth is that, candida albicans is not the only species that is responsible or that triggers yeast infections.
Besides, what most people may possibly see as the most commonly recognized yeast infection or a form of candidiasis in recent times is what we call thrush. This typically attacks the mouth, though; it can also attack the vagina!
However, let me say here that it is not out of place for the male folks to equally contract thrush but the truth is that it is rather rare!
Therefore, generally, yeast infections affect both male and female but they usually attack certain parts of the body.
Anyway, it has been proven that candida albicans lives quietly with other normal flora, which are microorganisms that are naturally found in the body.
However, its growth is typically checked by some types of bacteria to prevent it from over growing.
Well, it is important to note that candida albicans lives in moist, dark and warm regions of the body like the mouth, gut or gastrointestinal tract, skin folds, armpits and the genital areas.
However, I can guess that the question that comes to mind is, if it is a normal flora in the body, as we have said above, what then causes yeast infection? Okay. That is a good question.
Anyway, to answer that question, you need to understand that the body has a specific temperature and pH level. Yes this level must be maintained to keep the fungi and bacteria in a state of equilibrium or balance.
However, if at any time, anything happens that affect the normal body temperature or the pH, the bacteria dies off and the fungi, candida albicans is left to grow without any check, the result is candidiasis or yeast infection.
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