This comprehensive book explores the radical changes confronting the European telecommunications sector as the long-standing system of separate and state-controlled monopolies has been replaced by a single market based on competition and common norms set by the European Union. After retracing the development of common policies, Giorgio Natalicchi analyzes the role of external and internal forces, such as global competition, national governments, interest groups, and supranational institutions. Employing a variety of conceptual lenses, the author also convincingly demonstrates the implications of the telecoms case for theories of European integration. What emerges is a more complex picture than the one portrayed by current paradigms. NatalicchiOs findings justify a new 'syncretic' approach that combines hypotheses from both the theories on regional integration and those on EU policymaking into a single explanatory model. With its combination of exhaustive research and clear analysis, this authoritative study will be invaluable for scholars in EU studies, comparative politics, and international political economy.