Calgary last night was the scene of one of the most serious riots in its history. Several hundred soldiers from Sarcee camp after making a violent demonstration in front of the city police headquarters proceeded to the barracks of the Mounted Police and did considerable damage to the building and its contents. During the melee one soldier ... was shot and seriously wounded, another soldier was beaten up and a mounted policeman was badly mauled. The central part of the city was kept in a ferment from 8 o'clock to 10 o'clock, and that casualties were not more numerous and damage far greater was in large measure to the forbearance of the police, civic and mounted, and the influence of General Cruikshank and the officers who arrived when the trouble was at its height -- almost immediately after the shooting of the soldier. ( Calgary Daily Herald, 12 October 1916) It was almost as though there was something in the air in 1916, at the beginning of the third year of World War One. From Perth, New Brunswick, to Calgary, Alberta, Canadian soldiers took to the streets and battled with local authorities on "various patriotic pretexts."(1) These wartime riots varied in degrees of seriousness, but the sheer number of episodes and men involved bespoke a serious problem. Most of the rioting soldiers were new recruits, yet to embrace the strict discipline and hierarchical control of military life. These were young men willing, if not anxious, to quell the boredom of domestic training and take action. Calgary, in both frequency and severity, was one of the main centres of discontent. Although the military maintained that the various units stationed in Calgary were under control, media and police testimonies indicated that the military officers demonstrated a chronic inability to enforce discipline over their troops, and that non-commissioned officers seemed to lead the mobs. The ensuing destruction was a product of miscommunication and military mismanagement.