The importance of chiral interactions for both preparative and analytical separations, particularly for pharmaceutical applications, is underlined by numerous publications in this field. Here, for the first time, a team of experienced analysts from industry and academe presents a comprehensive review of the various mechanisms that result in enantiomer separations. A better understanding of these processes is crucial for setting as well as improving chiral separation procedures and also for developing new applications. The coverage in this book includes a range of separation methods, such as gas, liquid, or countercurrent chromatography, and capillary electrophoresis. The special case of chiral ionic liquids is examined in detail. Most modern chiral selectors are discussed, including derivatized polysaccharide- and cyclodextrin-based selectors, along with a newly introduced class of carbohydrates: the cyclofructose selectors. This publication will be required reading not only for research and development departments in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, but also for researchers in toxicology, environmental monitoring, and food research.